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RCHITECTURE


FACHADA


The palace's address is at 340, Praia do Flamengo, and is clearly a French neoclassic building, which was very common in the second half of the XVIII century. The predominant decorative style is Louis XVI; there are some pieces in the imperialist style and a whole room in Adam style.

Based on the still existing blueprints, the project, that must have included studies of architect Luís de Moraes Jr. (famous in Rio de Janeiro when the palace was built), was developed by a French architect, whose name is still unknown, unfortunately. It seems that the palace was planned in Paris and authenticated in Brazil by Luís de Moraes Jr.

The main façade is marked, in its axis of symmetry, by a semicircular body, crowned by a dome, illuminated by a stained glass skylight and aired by circular windows. The dome is covered by slate tiles and finished up with rich frame/molding in bronze, also symmetrically articulated with the building's prismatic body.

All of the façade's architectural elements ratify a Louis XVI style, in classic trilogy: foundation, two-story designs and magnificent entablature crowning. The foundation is in granite stone works, and supports the design, which is marked by modularly disposed pilasters, with reflections of Doric order, one of the five orders of the classic basics.

The architect relocated the entrance of the palace to the side, in porte cochère, topped by a tea garden in the open. Later on, this garden was closed, as a gazebo, as protection from the wind. Although the gazebo is eclectic, it keeps neoclassic elements: the first story, or the entrance of the porte cochère, is through an arch garnished by granite stone works, with a lion figurehead; in the second story, a pair of pilasters and Jonic pillars are propped up by pedestals linked by stair railing.

The railing is in the shape of a veranda and circumvents the whole façade. It is also a Louis XVI neoclassic style. Placed later in the first project, but still before the construction was finished and decorated with acanthus leaves, this made the palace even more charming and gave it a Parisian home look. The veranda is supported by vigorous corrugated consoles lightened by flutings finished with friezes with drops. The same way, the railing of the wall that faces the street, like the one in the veranda, gives the design unity, a unity that is essential to the classic concept of architecture.

Access to the house is through the portal, as tall as the double height foyer of the first story, in Louis XVI style, in wrought iron, with decorative pieces in engraved bronze, imported from Paris by Companhia Bettenfeld, back then, an important French decoration firm that had a branch office Brazil. The portal is applied in niches and is escorted by two arched windows also garnished by bronze grids.

The molding that circles the door is simple, without the key that garnishes the windows, which denotes a certain eclecticism of the architect, [who should also place a key, maybe stronger and wider over the door.



Praia do Flamengo, 340
Rio de Janeiro - RJ
Telefone: (21) 2551-1278
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